Mac 使用 Nginx 在本地部署静态网站

安装

安装 Brew

/bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/HEAD/install.sh)"

安装 Nginx

brew install nginx

nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.21.6

启动 Nginx

nginx

重启

nginx -s reload

配置

默认静态页面

cd /usr/local/var/www

默认配置

cat /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

默认日志目录

cd /usr/local/var/log/nginx

新增的配置目录

cd /usr/local/etc/nginx/servers/

新增一个静态页面服务

touch static.conf

vim static.conf

server {
    listen 8607;
    root /Users/mazey/Web/ProjectXYZ;
    index index.html;
}

配置了 History 路由模式的 SPA 页面。

server {
    listen 8621;

    location / {
        root /Users/mazey/Web/ProjectXYZ;
        index index.html;
        try_files $uri /index.html;
    }
}

解释 try_files

语法:

try_files file... uri

try_files 后面定义多个文件路径进行依次尝试,响应存在的第一个文件,若文件都不存在,则会响应最后一个 uri 进行内部重定向。

try_files $uri /index.html;

例如访问 http://example.com/detail

  1. 判断 / 目录下是否存在 detail 文件。
  2. detail 文件不存在则返回 http://example.com/index.html

附录

安装 Nginx 后的 Terminal 输出。

==> Caveats
Docroot is: /usr/local/var/www

The default port has been set in /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf to 8080 so that
nginx can run without sudo.

nginx will load all files in /usr/local/etc/nginx/servers/.

To restart nginx after an upgrade:
  brew services restart nginx
Or, if you don't want/need a background service you can just run:
  /usr/local/opt/nginx/bin/nginx -g daemon off;
==> Summary
🍺  /usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.21.6_1: 26 files, 2.2MB
==> Running `brew cleanup nginx`...
Disable this behaviour by setting HOMEBREW_NO_INSTALL_CLEANUP.
Hide these hints with HOMEBREW_NO_ENV_HINTS (see `man brew`).
==> Caveats
==> nginx
Docroot is: /usr/local/var/www

The default port has been set in /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf to 8080 so that
nginx can run without sudo.

nginx will load all files in /usr/local/etc/nginx/servers/.

To restart nginx after an upgrade:
  brew services restart nginx
Or, if you don't want/need a background service you can just run:
  /usr/local/opt/nginx/bin/nginx -g daemon off;

参考

  1. Module ngx_http_core_module - try_files
  2. react/vue-router在history mode下,nginx所需配置 & try_files & root 、alias详解
  3. 【nginx】History模式的配置细节

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